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  • Provide Comprehensive and
    Technically Excellent
    Neurosurgical Care
    Provide Comprehensive and Technically Excellent Neurosurgical Care
  • Offer Patients
    The Most Upto Date
    Surgical Advances And
    Best Practice Medicine
    Offer Patients The Most Upto Date Surgical Advances And Best Practice Medicine
  • Compassionate and
    Timely Intervention in a
    Setting Respectful of
    Our patients needs
    Compassionate and Timely Intervention in a Setting Respectful of Our patients needs
  • Open Communication With
    Our patients Primary
    Care Providers
    Open Communication With Our patients Primary Care Providers

Parkinson’s disease

What is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a neurological disorder characterized by the continuous loss of muscle control leading abnormal body movements.

What are the causes of Parkinson’s disease?

The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is unknown. Nevertheless, genetic abnormalities and environmental factors like prolong chemical exposure may lead to the development of Parkinson’s disease.

Parkinson’s disease is usually observed in elderly patients above 50 years of age.

What are the signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease?

The four important signs of Parkinson’s disease include:

  • Tremor or shaking movements of the hands, arms, legs, jaw and face
  • Bradykinesia or slowness of movement
  • Rigidity or stiffness of the limbs and trunk
  • Postural instability or loss of balance and coordination

Shaking of hand while writing, abnormal facial expressions and body movements are the other symptoms that can be observed in a patient with Parkinson’s disease.

How Parkinson’s disease is diagnosed?

Parkinson’s disease is diagnosed by the careful examination of patient’s neurological history about the signs and symptoms. At the early phase, patients should be revaluated continuously to prevent the misdiagnosis.

Hoehn and Yahr scale, and the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale are useful in the diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease.

Blood test, contrast tomography (CT) & magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) are the pathological and imaging studies useful in knowing the underlying cause of Parkinson’s disease.

What includes the treatment of Parkinson’s disease?

There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, but by proper use of medication the symptoms can be controlled.

  • Life style modifications
    • Taking rest
    • Doing exercise
    • Physiotherapy
  • Drugs

    Levodopa, and carbidopa are the main drug that are used to treat Parkinson’s disease. Dopamine agonist and monoamine oxidase-B inhibitors are the other drugs that can be used.

  • Alternate therapies

    Speech therapy is advised to avoid the difficulties while speaking. Whereas, occupational therapy helps in overcoming the everyday problems like bathing, dressing etc.

  • Surgery

    Deep brain stimulation is the surgical procedure that helps in correcting the neurological symptoms, if drugs tend to fail.

Other Brain Conditions

credibilty

  • University of Florida
  • The University of Western Australia
  • The University of Adelaide
  • Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • Royal Australasian College of Surgeons: RACS